The Sarvoya Movement

The pitfalls of nonviolent revolution by Brian Martin Nonviolent Revolution in India. Geoffrey Ostergaard New Delhi: Gandhi Peace Foundation, 1985 A review published in Nonviolence Today, number 2, April/May 1988, pp. 16-17 In Western countries such as Australia, the idea of nonviolent revolution is not a common one. Revolution is traditionally associated with the left, … Continue reading

RESISTING THE NATION STATE the pacifist and anarchist tradition (Excerpts)

RESISTING THE NATION STATE the pacifist and anarchist tradition by Geoffrey Ostergaard The collapse of the New Left coincided with the exhaustion of the less well-publicised Sarvodaya (welfare of all) movement for nonviolent revolution in India, led by Vinoba Bhave and Jayaprakash Narayan (1902-1979), which had sought through voluntary villagisation of land to realise Gandhi’s … Continue reading

Sarvodaya Movement: The Gentle Anarchists

After Gandhi’s death, Sarvodaya, a movement based on his spiritual, ethical and political principles emerged. Vinoba Bhave (1895–1982), the leading figure in the movement for many years, taught absolute nonviolence, social organization based on universal love, decision making by consensus, the replacement of coercion by the recognition of moral authority, and the minimization and eventual … Continue reading

Sarvodaya and Anarchism

In [the ideal state] every one is his own ruler. He rules himself in such a manner that he is never a hindrance to his neighbour. In [such a state], therefore, there is no political power because there is no State.’ –Gandhi (Young India, 2 July 1931; quoted in Ostergaard (1971), p. 28) The practical … Continue reading

Macropedia Index> Anarchism

An impressive example of the breadth of Anarchist influence is Mahatma Gandhi, who based his strategy of nonviolent civil disobedience in South Africa and India on the teachings of nonviolent Anarchists such as Tolstoy and Thoreau and who remembered his reading of Kropotkin when he devised for India the plan of a decentralized society based … Continue reading