Stamp and Bio

First Day Cover released on Friday, March 18, 2011

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Lala Har Dayal was born in Delhi On October 4th,1884.Lala Har Dayal was the sixth of seven children of Bhoti and Gauri Dayal Mathur Couple.

During his childhood he was influenced by Arya Samaj. Lala Har Dayal associated with Shyamji Krishnavarma, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and Bhikaiji Cama. Lala Har Dayal also drew inspiration from Giuseppe Mazzini, Karl Marx and Mikhail Bakunin. He was an atheist, a revolutionary and a Buddhist.

Lal Har Dayal completed his schooling at the Cambridge Mission School and received his bachelor’s degree in Sanskrit from St. Stephen’s College, Delhi, India .He completed his master’s degree alin Sanskrit from Punjab University.

In 1905, Lala Har Dayal secured scholarships to Study Sanskrit at Oxford University. Because of his anarchist ideas,he was put under surveillance by the police. Later that year, he gave up his Oxford scholarships and returned to India to live a life of austerity. It was during this period  he got acquainted with the anarchist Guy Aldred, who was put on trial for printing The Indian Sociologist.

He moved to Paris in 1909 and became editor of the Vande Mataram.He moved to the United States in 1911, where he became involved in industrial unionism. He had served as secretary of the San Francisco branch of the Industrial Workers of the World alongside the National Bolshevik, Fritz Wolffheim.

Basanta Kumar Biswas’s attempt on the life of the Indian Viceroy, Lord Hardinge, on December 23,1912 had a major impact upon him.Lala Har Dayal started the Gadar Party in the U.S. and published a journal Ghadar in six languages from USA. Millions of copies of the journal were distributed in India and to Indians around the world. Copies of the journal were concealed in parcels of foreign cloth sent to Delhi.

In April 1914, he was arrested by the United States government for spreading anarchist literature and fled to Berlin, Germany. He subsequently lived for a decade in Sweden. He received his PhD in 1930 from the University of London. In 1932, he published Hints of Self Culture and embarked on a lecture circuit covering Europe, India, and the United States.

Lala Har Dayal died in Philadelphia in On March 18th.1939.




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